The measurement and evolution of health inequality evidence from the U.S. medicare population by Jonathan Skinner

Cover of: The measurement and evolution of health inequality | Jonathan Skinner

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .

Written in English

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Places:

  • United States.

Subjects:

  • Social medicine -- United States.,
  • Older people -- Health and hygiene -- United States.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementJonathan Skinner, Weiping Zhou.
SeriesNBER working paper series ;, working paper 10842, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) ;, working paper no. 10842.
ContributionsZhou, Weiping., National Bureau of Economic Research.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHB1
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3475787M
LC Control Number2005615189

Download The measurement and evolution of health inequality

The Measurement of Health and Health Care Inequality It is important to distinguish between inequality in health care and inequality in health. There is a long history of measuring inequality in health care by the use of utilization or expenditures measures.6 Le Grand (, ) and others found a positive.

The Measurement and Evolution of Health Inequality: Evidence from the U.S. Medicare Population Jonathan Skinner, Weiping Zhou. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in October NBER Program(s):Economics of Aging, Health Economics.

Has U.S. health care for the elderly become more The measurement and evolution of health inequality book during the past several decades.

On the measurement of inequalities in health Social class Fig. Hypothetical distribution of health across social classes. Consider Fig. The three classes are identical in size.

Classes I and III enjoy the same mean health status, but members of class II are less healthy. There is,Cited by: Download Citation | The Measurement and Evolution of Health Inequality: Evidence from the U.S. Medicare Population | Has U.S. health care for the elderly become more equitable during the past.

Get this from a library. The measurement and evolution of healthy [sic] inequality: evidence from the U.S. Medicare population. [Jonathan Skinner; Weiping. Downloadable. Has U.S. health care for the elderly become more equitable during the past several decades.

When inequality is measured by Medicare expenditures, the answer is yes. Duringlow income households experienced an increase of 78 percent ($) in per capita expenditures, double the increase of 34 percent ($) in the highest income group.

Comprised of two distinct parts, Health Inequality first proposes a framework for measuring health inequality reflecting moral concern, then goes on to show how this framework can be applied to quantitative study.

Using a specific time period as a case study, Asada questions whether or not health equity improved in the United States between Cited by: Measuring health inequity entails three steps: (1) defining when a health distribution becomes inequitable, (2) deciding on measurement strategies to operationalize a chosen concept of equity, and Author: Frank Cowell.

Measurement of Inequality by Frank Cowell STICERD, London School of Economics and Political Science The Toyota Centre Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines London School of Economics and Political Science Discussion Paper Houghton Street London WC2A 2AE File Size: KB.

Inequalities and Their Measurement This paper is a review of the recent advances in the measurement of inequality. Inequality can have several dimensions. Economists are mostly concerned with the income and consumption dimensions of inequality.

Several inequality indices including the most widely. This paper focuses on the measurement of socioeconomic inequality of health between countries and its evolution over time, by means of population-weighted indicators. We show that rank-dependent indicators of inequality can be highly sensitive to small changes in the socioeconomic variable when estimating inequality in samples consisting of Cited by: 3.

Get this from a library. The measurement and evolution of healthy [sic] inequality: evidence from the U.S. Medicare population. [Jonathan Skinner; Weiping Zhou, M.S.; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- "Has U.S. health care for the elderly become more equitable during the past several decades.

When inequality is measured by Medicare expenditures, the answer is yes. The Measurement and Evolution of Health Inequality "Duringlow-income households experienced an increase of 78 percent ($) in per capita expenditures on healthcare, double the increase for the highest income group of 34 percent ($) But survival for the lowest income group during the s grew by years, compared to years for the highest income group.".

References. Sam Peltzman, “Mortality Inequality”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 23(4), Fall Online here. See the data quality and definitions section of the income inequality page for more information about the Gini coefficient for income.

The visualization shows the total life expectancy since birth and not the remaining life expectancy. Background: Health inequality has long attracted keen attention in the research and policy arena.

While there may be various motivations to study health inequality, what distinguishes it as a topic is moral concern. Despite the importance of this moral interest, a theoretical and analytical framework for measuring health inequality acknowledging moral concerns remains to be by: Wagstaff A, Paci P, van Doorslaer E.

On the measurement of inequalities in health. Soc Sci Med. ; 33 (5)– [Mackenbach JP, Kunst AE. Measuring the magnitude of socio-economic inequalities in health: an overview of available measures illustrated with two examples from by:   4) More attention to inequality in impact of illness.

They also call for more attention to early life, adolescence and old age. They call for a health inequality impact statement for all new policies, health or otherwise. Also for a wider debate on health inequality and what their existence means for the whole of by: 1.

Poverty and inequality are higher in the United States than in other advanced economies, but Smeeding argues that this is largely a result of policy choices. Poverty rates based on market incomes alone are actually lower in the United States than elsewhere, but government interventions in the United States were less than half as effective at.

in the EU trouble the researchers involved in health inequality measurement for many years. As suggested in much literature (e.g. Wagstaff et.

al., ) the conclusions reached by the various authors in issues about trends in health inequalities vary depending on the type of the.

In the World Health Reportthe World Health Organization made the controversial choice to measure inequality across individuals rather than across groups, the standard in the field. This choice has been widely discussed and criticized. We look at the three questions: (1) is the World Health Organization's health inequality measure value-free as it claims?Cited by: Understanding Health Inequalities turns the spotlight on a question at the heart of health and welfare policy.

Why is there a social class gradient in health. How do socio-economic inequalities in life chances and living conditions take their toll on health.

The book draws on UK research funded under the ESRC's Health Variations Program. This paper describes approaches to the measurement and explanation of income-related inequality and inequity in health care financing, health care utilization and health and considers the applicability and the feasibility of these methods in low-income countries.

Results from a comparative study of 14 Asian countries are used to illustrate the main issues. The structure of health finance in. To meet this goal, this book proposes a framework for measuring health inequality reflecting moral concerns (part 1).

The framework consists of the following three steps: (1) defining when a health distribution becomes inequitable – that is, of moral concern, (2) deciding on measurement strategies to operationalize a chosen concept of health. Income inequality metrics or income distribution metrics are used by social scientists to measure the distribution of income and economic inequality among the participants in a particular economy, such as that of a specific country or of the world in general.

While different theories may try to explain how income inequality comes about, income inequality metrics simply provide a system of. measurement issues that have typically been overlooked in the literature: the implications of the standardization of test scores for inequality indices, and the possible sample selection biases arising from the Program of International Student Assessment (PISA) sampling frame.

The measure of inequality of educational opportunity. The Measurement of Educational Inequality: Achievement and Opportunity* This paper proposes two related measures of educational inequality: one for educational achievement and another for educational opportunity.

The former is the simple variance (or standard deviation) of test scores. Its selection is informed by consideration of two. Measurement of health inequities is fundamental to all health equity initiatives. It is complex because it requires considerations of ethics, methods, and policy.

Drawing upon the recent developments in related specialized fields, in this paper we incorporate alternative definitions of health inequity explicitly and transparently in its measurement.

We propose a three-stage approach to Cited by: Inequality refers to the measurement of imbalance or unequal distribution in a system, which may be social, economic, political, diversity, etc. In economics, it refers to how economic metrics are distributed among individuals in a group, among groups in a set of population, or among countries.

Inequalities in health have become a central concern of health policy both within and between nations. This book offers the first searching, critical examination of many of the key concepts and ethical assumptions found in this scientific and health policy literature.

In a new book, “Capital and Ideology” (currently available only in French) Mr Piketty calls for a 90% tax on wealth, such is the scale of the inequality crisis.

Many things have indeed gone. The Acheson Inquiry was the most important government-backed examination into inequalities in health in the past 20 years. However, much of the detailed evidence presented to the Inquiry has not been published - until now.

This book presents 17 chapters of evidence commissioned by the Acheson Inquiry to inform their work/5. Black, D. () Inequalities in Health, report of a research working group chaired by Sir Douglas Black, London: Department of Health and Social Security. Google Scholar Cowell, F. () Measuring Inequality, Oxford: Philip by: It may well be, for example, that the health threshold below which people define themselves to be in poor health changes over time or varies across countries.

On the measurement of inequalities in health But whilst this has clear implications for the mean morbidity level, it is not obvious that it has any implications for inequality in by: Downloadable (with restrictions). Abstract This paper focuses on the measurement of socioeconomic inequality of health between countries and its evolution over time, by means of population-weighted indicators.

We show that rank-dependent indicators of inequality can be highly sensitive to small changes in the socioeconomic variable when estimating inequality in samples consisting of countries Cited by: 3.

Measurement is the cornerstone of science. Insofar as social science aims to be scientific it, too, must take measurement seriously. Yet measurement has not yet established for itself a central role in the teaching of social science. The essays in this book demonstrate the need to identify and debate alternative positions on the choice of measures of health inequality; the definitions of 'inequality' and 'inequity' in health, and their interrelationship; the ethical basis for attaching priority to narrowing gaps in longevity and health among individuals, groups, and Brand: Nir Eyal.

A truly elegant exploration of the topic is offered in a new book, “The Great Escape: Health, Wealth and the Origins of Inequality” by my Princeton colleague, the economist Angus Deaton. It offers an erudite sojourn through history, all the way to the domestic and international policy issues pressing in on us today.

JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC THEORY 2, () On the Measurement of Inequality ANTHONY B. ATKINSON Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge, England Received Novem 1. INTRODUCTION Measures of inequality are used Cited by: Measurement by David J. Bartholomew,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

We use cookies to give you the best possible experience. On the measurement of inequality - A B Atkinson Notes on the measurement of inequality - P Dasgupta,A Sen And D Starrett Evolution of clinimetric scales - F Kainiford. A sourcebook for Poverty Reduction Strategies: Core techniques and cross-cutting issues (English) Abstract.

This sourcebook was written to assist low-income countries with the development and strengthening of their poverty reduction : Aline Coudouel, Luc Christiaensen, Kate Withers, Paula Donnelly-Roark, Philippe Dongier, Andrea Rizv. We provide definitions and empirical examples for of a number of measures of health inequality.

We also emphasize developments in the literature on measuring health inequalities since the mid s, particularly a recent emphasis (at least in health research) on socioeconomic inequalities and inequality by: 5.Income inequality in the United States is the extent to which income is distributed in an uneven manner among the American population.

It is much higher than in most other developed countries, and has fluctuated considerably since measurements began aroundmoving in an arc between peaks in the s and s, with a year period of relatively lower inequality between –Because income inequality and health are likely to have common causes that cannot all be measured, the cross-sectional relationship between inequality and health is quite likely to provide a biased estimate of how changes in income inequality affects health.

Until relatively recently, data limitations (particularly on economic inequality) led.

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